Cancer is one of the twelve constellations of the zodiac and is located in the Northern celestial hemisphere. Its name is Latin for crab and it is commonly represented as one.
Cancer is a medium-size constellation with an area of square degrees and its stars are rather faint, its brightest star Beta Cancri having an apparent magnitude of 3. It contains two stars with known planetsincluding 55 Cancriwhich has five: one super-earth and four gas giantsone of which is in the habitable zone and as such has expected temperatures similar to Earth.
At the angular heart of this sector of our celestial sphere is Praesepe Messier 44one of the closest open clusters to Earth and a popular target for amateur astronomers.
Cancer is a medium-sized constellation that is bordered by Gemini to the west, Lynx to the north, Leo Minor to the northeast, Leo to the east, Hydra to the south, and Canis Minor to the southwest. The three-letter abbreviation for the constellation, as adopted by the International Astronomical Union inis "Cnc".
Cancer is the second dimmest of the zodiacal constellationshaving only two stars above the fourth magnitude. Also known as Altarf or Tarf,  Beta Cancri is the brightest star in Cancer at apparent magnitude 3. It has a faint magnitude 14 red dwarf companion located 29 arcseconds away that takes 76, years to complete an orbit.
At magnitude 3. Iota Cancri is a wide double star. The primary is a yellow-hued G-type bright giant star of magnitude 4. The secondary is a white main sequence star of spectral type A3V and magnitude 6.
The secondary is of magnitude Its common name means "the claw".Zodiac Signs and the Greek Mythology - Mythological Curiosities - See U in History
Hence the system is a quadruple one. Zeta Cancri or Tegmine "the shell" is a multiple star system that contains at least four stars located 82 light-years from Earth. The two brightest components are a binary star with an orbital period of years; the brighter component is a yellow-hued binary pair and the dimmer component is a yellow-hued star of magnitude 6.
The brighter component is itself a binary star with a period of This pair is at its greatest separation around Ten star systems have been found to have planets. Rho-1 Cancri or 55 Cancri or Copernicus  is a binary star approximately The red dwarf 55 Cancri B, a suspected binary, appears to be gravitationally bound to the primary star, as the two share common proper motion. YBP is a sunlike star in the open cluster M67 that has been found to have three planets.
Cancer is best known among stargazers as the home of Praesepe Messier 44an open cluster also called the Beehive Clusterlocated right in the centre of the constellation. Located about light-years from Earth, it is one of the nearest open clusters to our Solar System. M 44 contains about 50 stars, the brightest of which are of the sixth magnitude.
Each Zodiac Sign Has A God or Goddess That Goes With It & Here's Yours
Epsilon Cancri is the brightest member at magnitude 6. Praesepe is also one of the larger open clusters visible; it has an area of 1. North of the Equator, this period stretches from February to May.
Ptolemy described the Beehive Cluster as "the nebulous mass in the breast of Cancer. Today, there are about high-probability members, most of them 68 percent red dwarfs.
The Greeks and Romans identified the nebulous object as a manger from which two donkeys, represented by the neighbouring stars  Asellus Borealis and  Asellus Australis, were eating.Aries Mar. Home Cancer The Mythology of Cancer. The posture of arms in front of the chest shows the mother's nature of protecting children. However, it also has another symbolic meaning: the baby in arms represents the helpless and weak ego while the arms in front of the chest show the Cancerian's strong self-protection awareness.
A story in the Greek mythology emphasizes the aggressiveness peculiar to Cancerians and the story is about Hercules, a legendary Greek hero.
Hercules was the son of Zeus and the mortal woman Alcmene, thus was hated by Hera who was the wife of Zeus. According to the legend, Hera sent two snakes to kill Hercules when he was still a baby but the snakes were grabbed and strangled by Hercules. Later, Hercules became the greatest Greek hero and the strongest man in the world; even the Gods had to ask for his help to conquer the Giants. Hercules got married with Megara; they had children and lived a happy life. Due to the Hera's curse, however, Hercules killed his wife in a fit of madness.
To atone for his crime, Zeus ordered him to finish ten deeds and the second mission was killing the nine-headed Hydra. In the fierce battle, a giant crab came to help Hydra and it nipped his foot. However, Hercules crushed the crab and killed the monster Hydra inhabited in the swamp, which became the constellation Hydra.
Hera hated Hercules very much and she made the giant crab a constellation which could be seen in the southern sky in the nights of February and March. Hercules was also the greatest Greek hero and the strongest man in the world. There was nothing impossible for him and even the Gods had to ask for his help to conquer the Giants.
Of course, Hercules had accomplished a lot for the Gods. One day, he came to Mycenae and was prepared to be greeted as a hero but the king was ordered by Hera and asked him to kill the nine-headed Hydra inhabited in the swamp. It was very difficult because every time one head of Hydra was chopped off, another head would regrow quickly. Hercules came up with an idea of burning the Hydra's heads with fire, thus Hydra lost eight of its heads and had only one left. Hera was very angry and unwilling to accept the failure, so she sent a large crab to distract Hercules and the crab nipped his foot.
However, Hercules was the strongest man in the world and he crushed the crab under his mighty foot. Hera failed again but she was sorrowful for the crab's sacrifice. In order to thank the crab for its loyalty, Hera put it in the sky, thus the constellation Cancer. In Egypt, Cancer is symbolized by two turtles and it is sometimes referred to as "the Constellation of Water" or Allul an unknown marine lifewhich show that Cancer is closely related with water.In most myths, Cancer was identified by the giant crab that Hercules Greek mythology stepped on and killed while fighting the Hydra.
Never was there a more pathetic character in all of mythology. The crab literally pinches Hercules' toe, to which Hercules just crushes him, and that's the end of that. And quite frankly, not a very good story. Luckily, I was able to find a rare but different version. Here we get a brand new look, and honestly, a much better explanation behind the mythology of Cancer. He was enormous and strong, and Poseidon himself had blessed him with immortality. He left Crios in charge of protecting the sea nymphs, who were considered to be Poseidon's daughters.
The crab took his role as protector very seriously, and wouldn't let any of the sea nymphs outside of his reach. After a while, some of the sea nymphs became restless, and convinced that they were in no danger from Typhon, escaped into the open sea. Crios could not chase them as he was charged with protecting the other sea nymphs, so he enlisted the help of the giant squid, Vamari. Little did he know that Vamari whose name translates to "Vampire Squid" had ill intentions, and when he caught up to the sea nymphs, he devoured them.
When Vamari returned to Crios, he told the crab that despite a valiant effort, he could not find any of the missing sea nymphs. Crios knew that he was lying and attacked him. They battled for hours until the crab finally won.
But he had sustained such bad injuries that he was terribly crippled from that time forward. When Poseidon returned he saw the bravery that the crab had shown and relieved him of his pain, but not his immortality, by placing him in the sky as the constellation Cancer. Return from Mythology of Cancer to the Constellation Myths page. All Rights Reserved.
The Mythology of Cancer In most myths, Cancer was identified by the giant crab that Hercules Greek mythology stepped on and killed while fighting the Hydra.Hera cast a spell of madness on Heracles, causing him to commit a great crime. In order to be forgiven, he had to perform twelve difficult tasks. One of these tasks was destroying the terrible nine-headed water-serpent, Hydra.
During the battle between Heracles and Hydra, the goddess Hera sent a giant crab to aid the serpent. But Heracles, being so strong, killed the crab by smashing its shell with his foot. As a reward for its service, Hera placed the crab's image in the night sky.
Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store! Learn about Earth and space science, and have fun while doing it! The games section of our online store includes a climate change card game and the Traveling Nitrogen game! A team of astronomers, who have been peering into the skies for many years, announced that they have found 13 planets outside our solar system called exoplanets. This brings the total number of known exoplanets He created heaven, Earth, and the sky.
Each of the four directions, or cardinal points, are supported by a giant. Each direction is symbolized One day the sea god Poseidon saw her dancing and fell desperately in love with her. He promptly asked her to marry him but unfortunately she refused. She was known to the Romans as Venus. To the perfection of her figure and the purity of her features she added an innocent grace.
On her sweet face she He was the god of the Sun, logic, and reason, and was also a fine musician and healer. Leto travelled all over Greece Hera swore to kill Heracles, the most famous Greek Cassiopeia claimed that she and her daughter Andromeda were more beautiful than the sea nymphs, Become a member Member Benefits, No Ads.
Real Climate: climate science from climate scientists. Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment.Ancient mythology is essential to studying astrology, and among the many things they have in common, one thing is for sure: they're both timeless.
Astrology is full of mythological components. In fact, each zodiac sign has a god or goddess that goes with itconsidering each constellation represents a figure from ancient mythology. There is more than one approach to practicing astrology. Most astrologers base their studies upon psychological observation, considering it is one of the most effective ways to the study the subject.
However, there is another approach, as this is where the ancient deities ultimately play a role. In case you haven't noticed, mythology paints a picture and offers a background story to astrology.
So much so, its ancient history and myth inspired psychoanalyst and astrologer Carl Jung to connect modern science and ancient practices back inwhich in turn, was the beginning of the astrological archetype. For instance, in Jungian psychologythe archetypes represent universal patterns and images that are part of the collective unconscious. Jung believed that we inherit archetypes the same way we inherit our instinctive behavioral patterns. Truth is, every symbol has a story behind it, and the same goes for all 12 zodiac signs.
Here are the gods and goddesses associated with yours:. In Greek mythologyAres is the son of Zeus and Hera. He is the god of war, as he represents the violent and physical aspects of battle. Some say Ares was Aphrodite's lover and was held in contempt by her husband, Hephaestus, after their affair was discovered among the Olympians. Ring a bell? Aries is both untamed and highly passionate. This sign is also notorious for being over-sexed and physically aggressive.
The goddess of sexual love and beauty, Aphrodite, was born from the white foam produced by the severed genitals of Uranus, after his son Cronus threw them into the sea.
They say her beauty was what sparked rivalry among the gods. Sound familiar? Taurus is ruled by Venus, planet of love, beauty, and pleasure. It's no coincidence those born under this sign are blessed with gorgeous looks and love indulging in the pleasures of life. Athena is a multifaceted goddess. She represents wisdom, courage, inspiration, mathematics, strength, strategy, and more.
Some say she was came out of Zeus' forehead after he experienced an enormous headache. Just like Gemini, this goddess is an intellectual chameleon. Those who are born under this sign tend to be relentless thinkers who also happen to be incredibly savvy.
Daughter of ZeusArtemis is the goddess of the moon, hunting, and virginity.Hera cast a spell of madness on Heracles, causing him to commit a great crime. In order to be forgiven, he had to perform twelve difficult tasks. One of these tasks was destroying the terrible nine-headed water-serpent, Hydra. During the battle between Heracles and Hydra, the goddess Hera sent a giant crab to aid the serpent.
But Heracles, being so strong, killed the crab by smashing its shell with his foot. As a reward for its service, Hera placed the crab's image in the night sky. Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store! Our online store includes fun classroom activities for you and your students. A team of astronomers, who have been peering into the skies for many years, announced that they have found 13 planets outside our solar system called exoplanets.
This brings the total number of known exoplanets He created heaven, Earth, and the sky. Each of the four directions, or cardinal points, are supported by a giant.
Greek Mythology Time: Your Zodiac Sign as a Greek God
Each direction is symbolized One day the sea god Poseidon saw her dancing and fell desperately in love with her. He promptly asked her to marry him but unfortunately she refused. She was known to the Romans as Venus. To the perfection of her figure and the purity of her features she added an innocent grace. On her sweet face she He was the god of the Sun, logic, and reason, and was also a fine musician and healer. Leto travelled all over Greece Hera swore to kill Heracles, the most famous GreekHades — God of the Underworld.
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The Ruler of lightning, thunder. Taurus April 20th to May 21st Dionysus — the God of wine, parties, festivals and indulgence. Gemini May 22nd to June 21st Athena — Goddess of intelligence, skill, peace and warfare. Cancer June 22nd to July 22nd Eros — God of love and sex. Virgo August 23rd to September 22nd Attis — God of rebirth.
Libra September 23rd to October 22nd Aphrodite — Goddess of love, beauty and desire. Scorpio October 23rd to November 22nd Ares — God of war. Sagittarius November 23rd to December 21st Hestia — Goddess of the hearth. Capricorn December 22nd to January 20th Hermes — God of boundaries. Aquarius January 21st to February 18th Poseidon — God of the sea. More From Thought Catalog. I got Athena :. Get our newsletter every Friday!
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